Arrest Warrants Explained
An arrest warrant is what legally grants law enforcement officers to arrest someone that has been suspected of committing a crime. Once the person is arrested, the alleged criminal is booked into jail until the trial date (unless they post bail).
The moment someone is arrested, it is best advised that they speak to a legal attorney and contact a bail bond agent as soon as possible.
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from “unreasonable searches and seizures”. This means that law enforcement cannot just break into your house and arrest you for no reason. This would be classified as “unreasonable seizure”. Therefore, an arrest warrant is required to legally arrest someone. There must be evidence that points out “probable cause” for someone involving a crime.
There are four types of arrest warrants:
- Outstanding warrant: the police cannot find the person on time, so until the person is arrested, the warrant remains indefinitely open.
- Bench warrant: used by a judge after a person fails to appear in their court date and the punishment can be jail time.
- Misdemeanor warrant: can include things such as shoplifting, prostitution, harassment, etc., and can be punished by jail time, a fine or both.
- Felony warrant: used for extremely serious offenses such as assault or murder and punishment is jail time.